Specialty sugars: buttons and bows for your baking


If a plain scone is the little black dress of the breakfast baking closet, then specialty sugars are the Chanel, Hermès and Cartier. Waiting in the wings, they swoop in at the last moment and sprinkle on that special little sparkle that takes your baking from drab to fab.

Let’s see how to turn your muffins and scones from the morning meal to Breakfast at Tiffany’s.

Like sands through the hourglass, so are the grains of what we call table sugar. Tiny and fine, they add sweetness to our everyday lives. White granulated sugar is the cotton of our lives, so to speak. It forms the undergarments of our cakes, pies and cookies, providing structure, taste and that golden brown deliciousness to baked goods that wraps around us like our favorite blankie.

Table sugar may be the cotton, but in the world of sugar there is a whole host of other “fabrics” to play with. Known as specialty sugars collectively, these are the bright buttons, shiny snaps, and feather boas for your baked goods. A bit of bling-bling, a dash of haberdashery if you will, these are the pearls for the little black dress that’s your favorite basic recipe.

By now I’m sure you’ve figured out that I’m a Project Runway junkie, so allow me if you will to play Tim Gunn a little longer as we take an outing to the Mood Fabrics of the baking world, aka The Baker’s Catalogue. For years now our catalogue has been the place to source specialty sugars of all kinds. Let’s take a trip though the cyber-aisles and see what we can find to add that touch of pizzazz to our outfit du jour.

Let’s start with the big 4. These are the most popular specialty sugars we carry and also the ones about which we receive the most questions. I’ve labeled them with item numbers to help you find them as you shop, with the exception of the raw sugar. More on that later. Let’s take a closer look.

Item 2232, coarse white sugar. This sugar is part of our decorator sugars collection, along with 8 vibrant rainbow colors. The opaque crystals are in flat rectangle shapes rather than boulder or diamond shapes; this sugar is great for sugar cookies, iced cookies and topping muffins.

Item 1410, Swedish pearl sugar. Small beads of pure white, Swedish pearl sugar is the baby cousin to Belgian pearl sugar, the famed ingredient in Liege waffles. Used atop deeply colored pumpkin or gingerbread muffins, pearl sugar really makes a statement. Its craggy look is complemented by great crunch. Of all the sugars, I’d say this one makes folks sit up and take notice of otherwise quiet pastries.

Raw sugar, aka Demerara sugar, is golden blonde in color and has a very faint molasses flavor to it. Not to be confused with brown sugar, it’s a dry sugar with distinct crystals and less moisture. The crystals tend to be smaller than sparkling sugars. and more irregular in shape; but the golden hue is a showstopper atop a sweet bread or roll. Turbinado sugar is another type of raw sugar, one that’s been steam-cleaned. Raw sugars are readily available in many grocery stores.

Item 1240, sparkling white sugar. If I had to pick one sugar as Miss Popularity, I’d say the honor would go to this classy sugar. Clear, large, flat crystals catch and reflect the light like sequins on a circus star’s costume, and have everyone’s attention from minute one. How much do we love sparkling white sugar in the test kitchen? Let’s just say that we don’t have just a container at a work station; we have a 4-quart bin at the ready.

Scones, muffins, sweet breads, pie crusts, cookies, hardly a sweet good passes through our doors without a generous handful of our favorite topping. The satisfying crunch in each bite is as alluring as a handkerchief hemline, and always keeps us coming back for more.

Now that we’ve looked at each sugar up close, here’s how they compare side by side. The pencil is for scale; you can see that while each is larger than table sugar, they have their own unique sizes and shapes.  The sugars are still in their original order, so the sugar on the far left is the coarse white and the sugar on the far right is the sparkling white. When viewed side by side it is harder to tell them apart, but when viewed next to the other sugars, it is a little easier to see the different in clarity and sparkle.

Slipping into my Nina Garcia persona, I’ll go ahead and say it. “Sure, it looks good on the runway, but how does it work in the real world?”

Hands down, my favorite muffin is our Pumpkin Spice muffin mix. I try to keep a box on hand all throughout the fall and winter, and I do use specialty sugars to jazz the muffins up for the family and friends.

First up, the coarse white sugar. To keep things even, I used a half teaspoon measure of each different sugar on these muffins. No playing favorite for this judge.

Next up, pearl sugar. See what I mean about the brilliant contrast between the dark muffin and the pure white sugar?

While I adore it on deep-dark baked goods, for me pearl sugar is a must have on my braided lemon bread, too. It just gives it POP.

Raw sugar, same muffin. Tone on tone never looked better.

Last but not least, sparkling white sugar. The clarity of the sugar allows it to disappear into the raw batter, but after baking the sparkle will really show to the fullest.

Remind me never to write another blog when I haven’t had breakfast yet. I could start at the top and eat my way around this circle in 5 minutes flat.

For those of you with a runway scorecard, you’ll see that two surprise outfits have shown up in the final collection. For those who don’t like the crunch of coarse sugars, powdered sugar can gild the lily instead. Standard confectioners’ sugar works fine on cooled baked goods, but if you want that drift of white on a warm muffin to stay white and not melt away, our Snow White Non-Melting Sugar is the way to go. It has a slightly fluffier texture to it, and really provides excellent coverage with just a tap of the sifter.

Here’s a closer look at the Snow White Non-Melting (left) and regular confectioners’ sugar (right). You can see that the Snow White provides a more even coating, as the same amount of sugar was used on each piece and the same sifter as well.

Well, I still haven’t had breakfast yet, so I’ll head off to my workroom to create my masterpiece. I’ll leave you with this culinary equivalent of the color wheel – the sugar wheel. I truly hope this collection helps you understand, appreciate and be inspired by specialty sugars. They do add that finishing touch to your baked goods and make you today’s top designer of kitchen creations. Happy baking!

P.S. I know the designers don’t often share their secrets with each other, but we’d love to hear about your favorite ways to use specialty sugars, or how you’d like to use them in the future. Let’s make it work!

Shop for: Sparkling white sugar Coarse White sugar Snow white non-melting sugar

MaryJane Robbins

MaryJane Robbins grew up in Massachusetts and moved to Vermont 20 years ago. After teaching young children for 15 years, she changed careers and joined King Arthur Flour in 2005. MaryJane began working on King Arthur Flour's baker’s hotline in 2006, and the blog team ...


  1. "Paul from Ohio"

    Wow! More great new baking adventures await. So many options, which goes best on which baked goods? The arrival of cocoas that I’d never heard of, here provoked a months long quest with them, ongoing, and now, here comes the sugar family! Nice job MJ. I have two loaves of Pumpkin bread from the blog just before this one, and I’m thinking the raw sugar would be nice on it – but then again – I do have a passion for the sparkling sugar. Gosh, so hard to decide. You make life such an adventure! Thanks!
    Well, to me two loaves just calls out for two different sugars. Think of it like buying new paints, each brings something a little bit different to the picture. :). See you soon! ~ MJ

  2. AaronFrank

    What stops some sugars from melting?

    Also, I’ve turbinado on top of scones prior to baking and it always melted. So is it my particular turbinado or is it turbinado in general?

    Hi Aaron,
    Great question. The different ways that sugars are processed will determine how and how much they will melt. The grain size, the density, the amount of refining, this will all play a role. I’ve not had an issue with turbinado melting, it usually stays pretty coarse even after baking, so I’m not sure. You may want to try another brand to see if the results are different. ~ MaryJane

  3. "Sweet Hearts Baking"

    Loved your post! Can I talk you into exploring the decorative sugars as well???? I’d love your take on rock sugar, sugar pearls and the glitters/colored fines, etc… :)
    I’d love it! I’ll put it on my blog wish list and see if we can work it in before too long. Maybe for spring fever time? Thanks for the suggestion. ~ MaryJane

  4. HMB

    I love the crunch and sparkle of the specialty sugars. I was disappointed, however, with the non-melting confectioner’s sugar. To me, it has an odd mouthfeel and an artificial flavor taste.
    I’m so sorry to hear that you were unhappy with the sugar. In the event that a product does not meet your needs, please call us in customer service so that we can make the situation right for you. ~Amy

  5. misoranomegami

    I guess the most unusual thing I use sparkling sugar is for pie crust. If I’m making a lattice top pie I like the way it looks to brush the top with an egg wash and then sprinkle it with the sparkling sugar. If I’m feeling lazy and using store bought sugar cookie dough I also like to roll the balls of dough in it before baking. I’ll definitely need to get some of the violet for the future though. It’s so striking!

  6. ebenezer94

    I use raw sugar as a topping for scones and such. I like the slight molasses flavor it lends. Sometimes I’ll use organic sugar instead–flavor like raw sugar but texture similar to regular granulated sugar. I made the cookies from your (PJs) Sunshine Raisin Biscuits blog from a few months ago over the weekend, and used currants inside and raw sugar on top. They came out great.

  7. AmericanGirlinQuebec

    The Swedish pearl sugar looks so much like the big salt you usually see on pretzels. I think it would take me a while to get used to it being sweet instead of the expected salty.
    When I first made the braided bread for my son, he said “Whoa, that’s a lotta salt!” But now the pearl sugar is one of his favorites on his cookies, muffins, pancakes, oatmeal, everything… ;) ~Jessica

  8. barbruka

    Wow, what an interesting, educational post! I am always making muffins and scones at my bed and breakfast inn, and this is wonderful to have all this info. I have some of the sugars already, but now want to try more of them. I printed out the pictures of the scones and muffins with the sugars on them. It is getting taped to my inside cupboard for reference in the future! Thanks again!
    What a great idea. I have lots of inspirational photos hanging at my desk, but I never thought to decorate the inside of the cabinets. Thanks so much for sharing! ~ MaryJane

  9. reilley

    Knowledge learned is knowledge used. These little lessons are great for those of us who have no other source to get this knowledge, like going to cooking school.

  10. Joyce in Maine

    I tried sanding sugar on holiday cookies last year and the result was lackluster, and I’m over-reporting that.

    This year I plan to make snowflake cutouts and frost, or “paint”, them with white fondant. Because fondant is wet, do I want the KA larger coarse grained sugar or the sparkle sugar? I have a hunch the latter will melt too much into the fondant even though what I desire is the sparkle of a snowflake. Any suggestions?
    Hi Joyce,
    Are you using poured fondant? Rolled fondant isn’t very wet, it’s more like Play-doh, so you’d need to wet it in order for the sugar to stick. What you might want to think about for your snowflakes to have lots of shimmer and sparkle is edible glitter. It looks like frost, or light snow and it is WONDERFUL on snowflake cookies. ~ MaryJane


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