« baking tips and primers

Bread Troubleshooting

The Dough Does Not Rise

  • Old yeast
  • Water was too cool to activate the yeast or so hot that it killed the yeast
  • The dough is too stiff
  • Rising place is too cool

The Bread Falls In The Oven

  • Dough rose too much and got too light

The Bread Does Not Brown On The Sides

  • Pans are too bright and reflect heat away from the sides
  • Poor pan placement in the oven and therefore overcrowding

The Bread Has An Excessive Break On The Side

  • Oven is too hot
  • Insufficient rising period
  • Improper shaping

The Tops Of The Bread Loaves Are Cracked

  • Bread cooled too rapidly, probably in a draft
  • The dough is too stiff
  • The dough is not mixed well

Baked Loaf Crumbles Easily

  • Dough is not mixed well
  • Too much flour added
  • Rising place is too warm
  • Rising period too long
  • Oven temperature is too low

The Bread Is Doughy On The Bottom

  • Loaves were not removed from pans and allowed to cool on racks after baking

The Crust Is Too Thick

  • Too much flour
  • Insufficient rising period
  • Oven temperature is too low

The Bread Is Heavy & Dense

  • Too much flour added
  • Insufficient rising period
  • Certain flours (whole wheat, rye, and others) create a heavier loaf than all-purpose unbleached flour

The Bread Is Wet Inside & Has A Coarse Grain

  • Insufficient rising period

The Bread Is Dry & Has A Coarse Grain

  • Too much flour added
  • Dough not kneaded long enough
  • Rising period too long
  • Oven temperature too low

The Bread Contains Dark Streaks

  • Uneven mixing or kneading
  • Bowl was greased too heavily
  • Dough was not covered during rising period

The Bread Has Holes In It

  • Air not completely pressed out of dough when loaves were shaped
  • Dough rose too long before baking loaves

The Bread Smells &Tastes Of Yeast

  • Rising periods too long
  • Rising place is too warm

The Bread Has A Sour Taste

  • Rising place is too warm and therefore the dough rose too quickly
  • Dough rose too long before being baked