“I want to serve cinnamon rolls hot out of the oven for breakfast. So can I make them partway the night before, and then bake them in the morning?” Figuring out an overnight breakfast when it involves yeast can be quite a challenge.

A ton of readers call, email, chat, or blog-comment us with the question above. Aside from “My bread didn’t rise,” how to make cinnamon rolls (or sticky buns) ahead of time is one of the single biggest yeast-baking quests people have.

This isn’t surprising. Baking with yeast takes time, and when it comes to breakfast bread and rolls, nothing approaches fresh from the oven. So how do you manage to have something fresh and hot on the table without getting up at 2 a.m. to mix and knead the dough, shape the rolls or coffeecake, and let it all rise before baking?

Do you make everything start to finish the day before and reheat the next morning? You can, but reheated just isn’t the same as fresh from the oven. And that nice white icing atop the cinnamon rolls? Melted and gone. As for getting up in the middle of the night, it’s a distinct possibility for night owls and those with newborn babies, but for the rest of us? Not a chance.

Overnight Breakfast via @kingarthurflour

So what’s the best way to produce an overnight breakfast of fresh, hot sweet rolls?

Divide and conquer! Make and shape the rolls the day before; refrigerate overnight; and bake the next morning.

Sounds simple, doesn’t it? It is, once you nail the timing issue: how much should you let your sweet rolls rise before popping them into the fridge?

Let’s make some rolls and find out.

Overnight Breakfast via @kingarthurflour

Prepare the rolls

I make the dough for Cinnamon Rolls, let it rise, deflate it, and roll it out. Once sprinkled with cinnamon sugar and rolled into a log, I slice the dough.

Overnight Breakfast via @kingarthurflour

Put the rolls in a pan

They’re in the pan. What next?

Overnight Breakfast via @kingarthurflour
In retrospect, I should have let these rolls rise a bit more, until they pretty much filled the pan and rose upward a bit. Live and learn!

Let the rolls rise partway, then chill

I cover the pan and let the rolls rise until they're about three-quarters of the way to fully risen: touching one another and starting to rise vertically, as well as covering the bottom of the pan.

I refrigerate the rolls overnight.

Now, if your dough doesn't contain much butter — say, less than 1 tablespoon butter per cup of flour — let the rolls rise only halfway. Why? When chilled, butter becomes hard — which stiffens the rolls and prevents them from expanding as much as they might. So the less butter in dough, the more it rises in the fridge.

Likewise, if you're using a glass or ceramic pan, let the rolls rise only about halfway; it'll take longer for their temperature to drop once you put them in the fridge.

Overnight Breakfast via @kingarthurflour

Next day, I take my rolls out of the fridge and let them rest at room temperature, still covered, while I preheat the oven.

I actually have some extra time, so I let them continue to warm to room temperature. I suspect I'll get a bit more rise out of rolls that have lost their refrigerator chill.

Bake the rolls

I bake the rolls and turn them out of the pan.

They look pretty yummy upside down, don't they?

Overnight Breakfast via @kingarthurflour

Still, what's a cinnamon roll without its white frosting, right?

Caveat emptor: a hot day and active dough

Now there's one catch to all of this, and I discovered it the hard way. I was baking Cinna-Buns on a very hot, humid day, and my dough rose crazy-fast in the bowl.

Overnight Breakfast via @kingarthurflour

I shaped the rolls and plopped them into the pan.

Overnight Breakfast via @kingarthurflour

Half an hour later, they'd filled the pan and were rising straight up, headed toward fully risen.

I quickly covered them and put them into the refrigerator...

Overnight Breakfast via @kingarthurflour

...but it was too late. Overnight they'd risen to peak volume, and then deflated.

The good news is, I baked them anyway and they had a decent amount of oven-spring; so they weren't a total loss. But lesson learned: I need to keep an eagle eye on rising cinnamon rolls when it's hot and humid in my kitchen.

Overnight Breakfast via @kingarthurflour

Overnight breakfast: key takeaways

Before starting the testing for this post, I'd assumed that shaped cinnamon rolls, placed in the refrigerator overnight (my fridge registers 39°F), would continue to rise (albeit slowly).

But time after time, I put my rolls into the fridge — unrisen, partially risen, nearly fully risen — and they didn't rise at all overnight. As the tech folks would say, WYSIWYG: what you see is what you get.

The sole exception was the rolls I tested on a super-hot and humid day, the ones that rose so quickly that even the chill of the fridge couldn't stop them, and they eventually collapsed. But I'm going to consider those an outlier.

So here's the overnight breakfast process in a nutshell:

Make your rolls, put them in the pan, cover the pan, and let them rise about three-quarters of the way. Why just three-quarters? Because your dough may be really lively (or your fridge may be a bit warmer than most), and you don't want to chance the dough rising and then collapsing.

Next day, take the rolls out of the refrigerator and let them rest at room temperature while you preheat your oven.

Bake the rolls; they'll show some oven-spring (additional rise) as they bake.

Remove from the oven, and enjoy freshly baked cinnamon rolls or sticky buns for breakfast — no 2 a.m. wakeup call required!

What's your favorite overnight breakfast, something you can prep ahead, then bake in the morning? Please share in comments, below.

PJ Hamel
The Author

About PJ Hamel

PJ Hamel grew up in New England, graduated from Brown University, and was a Maine journalist before joining King Arthur Flour in 1990. PJ bakes and writes from her home on Cape Cod, where she enjoys beach-walking, her husband, two dogs, and really good food!