So you’ve made the dough for sugar cookies and the recipe tells you to drop it in tablespoonfuls onto the baking sheet, then flatten each cookie with the bottom of a drinking glass (dipped in sugar so it doesn’t stick). 

Pretty common step, right? Certain cookies — Sugar Cookies, Snickerdoodles, Classic Peanut Butter Cookies — need to be flattened a bit before they bake, lest they end up emerging from the oven looking like ping-pong balls rather than typical flat, round cookies.  

But what’s the best way to do this?

Balls os shortbread dough on a baking sheet, one ball being flattened with the bottom of a drinking glass.
Shortbread is usually baked in a mold or pan, but it's equally delicious scooped into individual cookies.

Before we get into a mud-slinging match here about “the best way” to flatten cookies before baking, let me say this: there IS no best way. And there are no baking police: If your recipe tells you to flatten your cookies before baking, you just go ahead and do that however you want. So long as they end up evenly flat, that is; squashing cookies haphazardly under your palm means they may bake and brown unevenly.

Still, if you care deeply (or even casually) about the look of your cookies, you can take the flattening step as an opportunity for enhancement. The bottom of a glass works fine, it’s true. But think of all the ways beyond a smooth-bottom glass you might choose to flatten your cookies.

Roam around your house; are there office tools, barware, or knickknacks — any of which might work brilliantly — hiding in plain sight?

Puher from a food processor being used to imprint a design on the top of balls of shortbread dough.
Classic Peanut Butter Cookies

For instance, I discovered long ago that the pusher from my Cuisinart food processor has a pattern of concentric circles on its end; this has become my go-to cookie dough flattener.

I also use a potato masher at times, whose parallel bars leave a stripy pattern. A meat mallet creates a sharp grid. A Kaiser roll stamp makes sweet little petaled flowers. And a tea strainer insert? Polka dots! 

I know this is just plain common sense, but I'll remind you anyway: make sure whatever tool you're using is completely clean. If you're at all concerned, lay a square of plastic wrap over each cookie to protect it while pressing.  

Baking sheet with balls of cookie dough, flattened with various tools, ready to bake.
Classic Peanut Butter Cookies flattened with a meat mallet, food processor pusher, potato masher, and the traditional fork.

Does "fancy" flattening work with all drop cookies?

No, not all. Here are the attributes to look for when experimenting with imprints:

  • The recipe calls for flattening the dough. If you’re not directed to flatten the dough before baking it means it’s soft enough to spread on its own, and the cookies won’t hold an imprint.
Balls of shortbread cookie dough on a baking sheet with a cookie scoop; cookies ready to be flattened.
Shortbread dough scooped with a teaspoon cookie scoop and rolled into smooth balls. 
  • The dough is smooth, without chunky add-ins. For instance, chocolate chip or oatmeal raisin cookies are filled with chips, nuts, oats, and/or raisins, all of which will disrupt any pattern you might imprint. 
  • The recipe uses little or no leavening. The greater the amount of baking soda or baking powder in the recipe, the puffier the cookies will be. And puffiness is the enemy of a fine design atop cookies.
Peanut butter cookie dough in a mixing bowl.
This dough for Classic Peanut Butter Cookies is quite stiff and dry: it holds an imprint nicely.
  • The dough is fairly stiff. Sticky, soft dough is A) difficult to work with (your potato masher or salad fork will stick), and B) prone to flatten out more readily than stiffer dough during baking, and thus is less likely to retain its imprint.
  • The recipe uses shortening. Cookies made with shortening (or a shortening-butter mix) rather than straight butter retain their pattern better. Shortening’s higher melting point means the cookies have a chance to set before the shortening melts, leaving the design intact. For more information see our post, Shortening vs. butter in baking.
Two chocolate cookies on a table, one large, one small, showing how the imprint made with a tea strainer covers the small cookie, but only partially covers the large one.
A tea strainer makes pretty polka dots on these shortbread cookies, but its reach only extends so far. Cookies made with a teaspoon scoop are fully covered, while those made with a tablespoon scoop sport bare edges.

Match cookie size to your imprinting tool

If your recipe makes big, 4” cookies and all you have to flatten the dough balls is a 1 1/2” tea strainer, you’ll be left with cookies imprinted only in the center rather than edge to edge. You may decide this is fine; just be sure to manage your expectations when choosing your flattening tool.  

Using a potato masher to flatten a ball of shortbread cookie dough.
A potato masher makes a pretty tree-like pattern on these shortbread cookies.

Work carefully

Center the tool directly over the middle of your cookie, and press straight down using even pressure. Be careful, though: press your Kaiser roll cutter too hard and it'll cut completely through the dough, leaving you with random tear-shaped bits to piece together as best you can.

Two baked shortbread cookies with only a vague imprint, shown with the scrolled spoon handle that made the imprint.
This spoon had potential, but in the end the scrollwork wasn't defined enough to leave a lasting pattern in shortbread dough. 

Experiment and have fun!

So what if the scrolled handle of your mom’s antique silver serving spoon didn’t work? The etched top of the wine bottle stopper might! Roam around your house; are there office tools, barware, or knickknacks — any of which might work brilliantly — hiding in plain sight?

Gather a promising collection of tools, make a batch of dough, and imprint two or three cookies with each tool. If they come out of the oven looking great, cheers! Next time you’re flattening cookies you’ll know what to use.

Did the imprint disappear? No worries; enjoy the cookies anyway. After all, beauty is only crust deep.

An assortment of cookies — peanut butter, shortbread, and Snickerdoodles — with imprinted tops, and the tools used to imprint.
Classic Peanut Butter Cookies, Shortbread (turned into drop cookies), and Snickerdoodles (flower shapes). 

Have you found a flattening tool you're eager to try on your next batch of drop cookies? Start with our simple Shortbread recipe. Instead of pressing the dough into a pan, scoop it into balls (a teaspoon or tablespoon scoop works well). Flatten the dough balls and bake in a preheated 300°F oven for 25 to 30 minutes, or until the cookies are just beginning to brown around the edges. Enjoy your artwork!

PJ Hamel
The Author

About PJ Hamel

PJ Hamel grew up in New England, graduated from Brown University, and was a Maine journalist before joining King Arthur Flour in 1990. PJ bakes and writes from her home on Cape Cod, where she enjoys beach-walking, her husband, three dogs, and really good food!

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